Artefact

Time travel and delve into taonga both famous and obscure with Dame Anne Salmond, telling tremendous stories about our Aotearoa. Made with the support of NZ On Air. On Demand is restricted to Ep 1 & 3 GLOBAL, Ep 5 NZ & Australia, Eps 2, 4, 6 NZ only.

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The Call of the Huia

Episode 6 - The Call of the Huia

HERO ARTEFACT: Huia birds  

LOCATION: Te Manawa Museum of Art, Science and History. Palmerston North

https://www.temanawa.co.nz/

The story of the Huia is a cautionary tale. The last confirmed sighting of a huia was in 1907. Its extinction is blamed on overhunting for specimens and for fashion – the feathers were much prized. Deforestation also played a large part in the bird’s demise. European settlers cleared ancient forests for pastures and huia couldn’t survive in the regenerating secondary forests.

Huia were unique because male and female had very different bill shapes. The female's beak was long, thin and arched downward, while the male's was short and stout. A pair of birds would mate for life – feeding each other with their complementary beaks. The huia was a bird of deep metallic, bluish-black plumage with a greenish iridescence on the upper surface, especially about the head. The tail feathers were unique – with a broad white band across the tips.

The huia is one of New Zealand's best-known extinct birds because of its bill shape, its beauty and also because Māori regarded Huia as tapu. Wearing of Huia skin or feathers was reserved for people of high status.

Additional artefacts in this episode and where to visit them:

Kapiti Island

http://www.doc.govt.nz/parks-and-recreation/places-to-go/wellington-kapiti/places/kapiti-island-nature-reserve/

Te Awa Tupua / Whanganui River

https://www.tpk.govt.nz/en/mo-te-puni-kokiri/kokiri-magazine/kokiri-33-2016/te-awa-tupua

Te Kura Whare / The Living House – Taneatua, Te Urewera

http://www.ngaituhoe.iwi.nz/te-kura-whare

Huia tail feathers – Te Papa Tongarewa

https://www.tepapa.govt.nz/    

Longbush property – Near Gisborne

http://longbushreserve.org/