Of the 5,000 children currently in CYFS care, 56% are Māori.
The search to find them safe whakapapa placements can be difficult and lengthy and, in the post-settlement era, what responsibility do Iwi have to care for our most vulnerable?
CYFS has been criticised in the past for the way it deals with Māori children and now has two principal Māori advisors.
While no one disputes that wherever possible Māori children should be with Māori whānau, the question is: Are we failing our kids by keeping them in the system for too long?
Here's Part 2 of our Special Report.